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نماز - مقاله ی در مورد نماز (تحقیق یکی از دوستان دانشگاهی)
نماز
اسلام ، پنجره ای رو به خوشبختی

 

 
چرا باید نماز بخوانیم؟
چرا باید خدا را عبادت كنیم؟ و چرا این عبادت حتما باید بصورت نماز باشد؟ مگر نماز چه ویژگی‌هایی دارد؟
نماز و اسرار تربیتی آن

• نماز موجب یاد خداست:

یاد خدا بهترین وسیله برای خویشتن داری و كنترل غرایز سركش و جلوگیری از روح طغیان است. «نمازگزار» همواره به یاد خدا می‏باشد، خدایی كه از تمام كارهای كوچك و بزرگ ما آگاه است، خدایی كه از آنچه در زوایای روان ما وجود دارد و یا از اندیشه ما می‏گذارد، مطلع و باخبر است و كمترین اثر یاد خدا این است كه به خودكامگی انسان و هوسهای وی اعتدال می‏بخشد، چنان كه غفلت از یاد خدا و بی خبری از پاداشها و كیفرهای او، موجب تیرگی عقل و خرد و كم فروغی آن می‏شود.

انسان غافل از خدا در عاقبت اعمال و كردار خود نمی‏اندیشد و برای ارضای تمایلات و غرایز سركش خود حد و مرزی را نمی‏شناسد و این نماز است كه او را در شبانه روز پنج بار به یاد خدا می‏اندازد و تیرگی غفلت را از روح و روانش پاك می‏سازد.

به راستی، انسان كه پایه حكومت غرایز در كانون وجود او مستحكم است، بهترین راه برای كنترل غرایز و خواستهای مرزنشناس او همان یاد خدا، یاد كیفرهای خطاكاران و حسابهای دقیق و اشتباه‏ناپذیر آن می‏باشد. از این نظر قرآن یكی از اسرار نماز را یاد خدا معرفی می‏كند: «اقم الصلوة لذكری؛ نماز را برای یاد من بپادار!» (1)


• دوری از گناه:

نمازگزار ناچار است كه برای صحت و قبولی نماز خود از بسیاری از گناهان اجتناب ورزد؛ مثلا، یكی از شرایط نماز مشروع بودن و مباح بودن تمام وسایلی است كه درآن به كار می‏رود، مانند آب وضو و غسل، جامه‏ای كه با آن نماز می‏گزارد و مكان نمازگزار، این موضوع سبب می‏شود كه گرد حرام نرود و در كار و كسب خود از هر نوع حرام اجتناب نماید؛ زیرا بسیار مشكل است كه یك فرد تنها در امور مربوط به نماز به حلال بودن آنها مقید شود و در موارد دیگر بی پروا باشد.

گویا آیه زیر به همین نكته اشاره می‏كند و می‏فرماید: «ان الصلوة تنهی عن الفحشأ و المنكر؛ كه نماز (انسان را) از زشتیها و گناه باز می‏دارد.» (2)

بالاخص اگر نمازگزار متوجه باشد كه شرط قبولی نماز در پیشگاه خداوند این است كه نمازگزار زكات و حقوق مستمندان را بپردازد؛ غیبت نكند؛ از تكبر و حسد بپرهیزد؛ از مشروبات الكلی اجتناب نماید و با حضور قلب و توجه و نیت پاك به درگاه خدا رو آورد و به این ترتیب نمازگزار حقیقی ناگزیر است تمام این امور را رعایت كند. روی همین جهات، پیامبر گرامی ما(صلی‌الله‌علیه‌و‌آله) می‏فرماید: نماز چون نهر آب صافی است كه انسان خود را در آن شست و شو دهد، هرگز بدن او آلوده و كثیف نمی‏شود. همچنین كسی كه در شبانه روز پنج مرتبه نماز بخواندو قلب خود را در این چشمه صاف معنوی شست و شو دهد، هرگز آلودگی گناه بر دل و جان او نمی‏نشیند.
آثار فردی و تربیتی نماز به آنچه كه گفته شد منحصر نیست؛ ولی این نمونه می‏تواند نشانه كوچكی از اسرار بزرگ این عبادت بزرگ اسلامی باشد.

• نظافت و بهداشت:

از آنجا كه نمازگزار در برخی از مواقع همه بدن را باید به عنوان «غسل» بشوید و معمولا در شبانه روز چند بار وضو بگیرد و پیش از غسل و وضو تمام بدن خود را از هر نوع كثافت و آلودگی پاك سازد؛ ناچار یك فرد تمیز و نظیف خواهد بود. از این نظر نماز به بهداشت و موضوع نظافت كه یك امر حیاتی است كمك می‏كند.

• انضباط و وقت‏شناسی:

نمازهای اسلامی هر كدام برای خود وقت مخصوص و معینی دارد و فرد نمازگزار باید نمازهای خود را در آن اوقات بخواند، لذا این عبادت اسلامی به انضباط و وقت‏شناسی كمك مؤثری می‏كند.

بالاخص كه نمازگزار باید برای ادای فریضه صبح پیش از طلوع آفتاب از خواب برخیزد، طبعا یك چنین فردی گذشته از این كه از هوای پاك و نسیم صبحگاهان استفاده می‏نماید، به موقع فعالیتهای مثبت زندگی را آغاز می‏كند.

آثار فردی و تربیتی نماز به آنچه كه گفته شد منحصر نیست؛ ولی این نمونه می‏تواند نشانه اسرار بزرگ این عبادت بزرگ اسلامی باشد.





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درباره وبلاگ

به نام خدای مهربان
سلام طاعات و عبادات قبول من سامان مدیر وبلاگ هستم.
از انتخابتون ممنون امیدوارم این وب اگه شده حتی یک قدم
شما رو به خالق هستی نزدیک کنه.

بنده ی حقیر رب : سامان چوبک
مدیر وبلاگ : saman choobak
نویسنده
جستجو

آمار وبلاگ
کل بازدید :
بازدید امروز :
بازدید دیروز :
بازدید این ماه :
بازدید ماه قبل :
تعداد نویسندگان :
تعداد کل پست ها :
آخرین بازدید :
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اللهم العن اول ظالم ظلم حق محمد و آل محمد و آخر تابع له علی ذلک